The types of Damask rose are many and different in terms of shape and attractive properties, with more than 150 species, It also contains many distinct benefits, In addition, it is considered a treatment for many diseases, the most important of which is mental illness.

What is a rose:

The Damask rose is one of the best types of roses that has a smart and fragrant scent, which increases the smell of confidence, tranquility and hope, and has some indications of love and romance.

It is considered one of the finest types of roses with a fragrant smell, which is spread in most countries of the world in its various types and forms. It was identified many years ago, and remains of it were found in some archaeological tombs, especially the Pharaonic tombs.

As it appeared in China nearly 5000 years ago, And the armies used it as a symbol for them, like the British armies, The wife of the leader of the French campaign, Napoleon, also took care of this type of roses and established several gardens for this type, and some of them were named Chateau Garden.

Meaning of the rose:

The scientific name for the word rose is Rosa damascene. It is called the Damascene rose because it is the national rose in Syria. It is one of the most beautiful types of roses. and the best in the world, It is considered one of the most important types of ancient roses that were and still are used in decoration and party coordination. It is grown in Syria and exported to the rest of the world, especially France, after fertilization.

Benefits of the rose:

The rose has many wonderful benefits, including:


It contains many anti-bacterial elements and eliminates the diseases that result from it such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea as well as stomach and colon infections and improves the health of the urinary system. It can also be used in cases of food poisoning, and on the other hand it is used in the treatment of skin diseases and wounds in addition to infections the eyes .


As it is extracted from the rose petals, an oil that has a high ability to calm the nerves, relax the body and help get rid of depression due to the fact that it gives the person confidence and happiness and works to increase his positive thoughts, Which gives a person a feeling of hope and love of life, It also has the ability to get rid of all forms of anxiety and tension.

Remove traces of grain:

And the oil extracted from the rose has a superior ability to treat the effects of grains, either resulting from a person’s infection with smallpox or as a result of surgical operations, in addition to the effects of acne.

Virus resistant:

It stimulates the body to resist all diseases and kill viruses that may infect the body of any kind.

concupiscence :

Its aroma is a powerful source of increasing sexual desire in males and females.

Acid Resistant:

It works to adjust the acidity level in the stomach, It helps in regulating the digestive process within the digestive system.

Skin cleanser:

Where rose water is extracted from it, which has a great benefit in cleansing and cleaning the skin from impurities, whether resulting from cosmetic operations or polluted dust.

Types of roses

There are many types of roses, which are:

  • White rose:

It denotes sincerity, love, purity of heart, and the desire to continue longevity friendship.

  • Violet rose:

It is more attractive and beautiful, and gives a sense of richness and harmony with life.

  • Yellow rose :

It refers to many meanings, including extreme jealousy, empathy with others in grief, It aims to make friends based on peace and tranquility.

  • Black rose:

Although it is very few, it symbolizes the end of the relationship between two people.

  • pink rose:

Where it expresses intense passion, tenderness and tenderness and a symbol of good dealing and kindness.

  • Climbing roses:

It reaches a height of 4 meters, suitable for growing near fences as well as short walls, and it is a climbing rose whose leaves fall, and its growth is spread.

  • pink rose:

It expresses love, as it is a calm, romantic color. It is also soothing.

Cultivation of roses:

The most appropriate sites are selected with moist fertile soil, whose acidity ranges from 6 to 7 degrees, in addition to the fact that they contain organic materials in order for the plant to feed. In addition to the exposure of the site to sunlight, which is cultivated, It needs exposure to sunlight for long periods ranging from 6 to 8 hours a day in order to be able to have a flower with strong branches.

How to prune roses:

That rose responds well to the pruning process, so it must be done periodically and regularly, but it is advised not to prune it frequently, especially in the summer, but in winter it is normal, especially in January, where pruning is done by removing the excess parts to allow the main stems in the tree to grow and provide A wide area between the stems for the passage of air through those outlets, and pruning is done after the flowering season.

Fertilizing roses:

Compost must be placed in the soil to ensure the survival of organic matter in it, and fertilize at the time of irrigation or if it is exposed to rain, because the roses have deep stems that need abundant amounts of fertilizer, which makes the plant in a healthy state.

Propagation of roses:

The process of multiplication of roses takes place in several different ways, either by cuttings, which is commonly used, by taking their cuttings from the stems of trees and scratching them from the bottom and placing a third of them in the place for propagation in the nursery and working on pruning and fertilizing them permanently, or ground laying, which is used in propagation Climbing roses are used in the spring or grafting either with the bud, the pen, the stem cuttings, and sexual reproduction.

Rose problems:

The rose is exposed to some problems, Among the most important of these problems are:

  • Phosphate deficiency:

Where the leaves are dark green and twisted inward and fall heavily.

Nitrogen deficiency:

The leaf is small, with red spots.

Magnesium deficiency:

Where the leaf color changes from the center with the death and fall of the leaf.

  • Iron deficiency:

The leaf color becomes very light with some flowers.

Manganese deficiency:

The veins of the paper have some fluorescence

Pests of rose hips:

There are many pests that affect the cultivation and production of many types of roses, including: insect infestations such as “thrips and aphids” as well as disease infections, including “powdery mildew, wilt disease, coronary tuberculosis” as well as viral diseases, including “viral wilt disease, mosaic disease” Roses, “planning disease in roses”, as well as physiological diseases.

What is the cause of burning rose leaves Aljouri?

One of the reasons for the burning of al-Juri leaves is the use of balanced fertilizer in large quantities, so it is correct to mix small amounts of it with water and irrigate the soil until it is moist, because adding fertilizer directly without moistening the soil may cause the paper to burn.

When does roses appear?

There are two types of roses, one that grows once a year and some of them grow twice, and cultivation is through seeds, grafting or aerial grafting. No nursery is devoid of ornamental nurseries of this type due to its importance due to several reasons:

  • Being a perennial plant that does not need to be renewed annually.
  • It is of great importance, especially in decorating vases and gardens

Difference between municipal roses and roses Algori

They both belong to the rosacea family, but they differ from each other in some matters, including:

Aromas, flowers, number of petals.